Fleas are a big matter that all dog owners eventually have to deal with. Anyone who owns a dog has almost certainly gone through the unnerving job of dog flea control, a battle which has usually proved to be more trying than it looks.

Fleas aren't simply an issue because they bite and bring about hours of irritating itching and scratching for the dog, but they may also trigger additional major problems such as tapeworms in dogs, flea bite dermatitis and in severe instances, anemia.

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Owing to their astonishing resilience, fleas are terribly tough to manage. The female might lay in excess of 2,000 eggs in her lifecycle, this suggests that infection could strike rapidly and the eggs that were laid can subsist for a long duration in nature while simply awaiting an appropriate host. That's why it is imperative to eliminate both the fleas on your pet in addition to the fleas inhabiting the animal's living space. The top places for fleas are bedding, sand, carpets and rugs.

How to Exterminate Fleas

To effectively eradicate fleas on your canine and in his environment, it's basic to know the flea's life span. There are 4 stages in the lifespan of the flea. As with nearly all insects, the fleas begins in the egg stage, transforms into larva, and then progresses to the pupa phase prior to eventually making it to the adult phase.

The Flea Egg Stage

The eggs of the flea are white in color and are so small that they're difficult to see without the use of a magnifying glass. Though the eggs are first laid on the dog's skin, many will in time fall off onto the ground to perpetuate their journey to adulthood. Approximately 50 percent of the entire flea populace consists of eggs. Dependant upon the environmental conditions, the eggs hatch in anywhere from a couple of weeks to a month. The greater the heat and dampness in the surroundings, the sooner the eggs will hatch.

The Flea Larvae Stage

When the flea egg hatches, it goes into the larva phase where it grows to almost 1/4 inch in length. The flea larva live on organic waste matter and in the adult flea's feces. They are uncomfortable in bright light and have a tendency to hide deep within their existing environment, if possible in a temperate and humid area. Climate controlled homes are the ideal surroundings for the life cycle of the flea to succeed. Outside, larval gestation will only happen in soggy, shaded spots.

The Flea Pupa Stage

When entering the pupa phase, the flea pupae develop a velvety and tacky shielding cocoon. The shell promptly forms a convenient hiding place as it becomes encrusted by waste and silt. If stimulated by high temperature, carbon dioxide or by physical influence, like that in a hot and moist setting, an adult flea might come out from the cocoon in as quickly as 5 to 10 days. Once the adult flea emerges from the cocoon, it will live for no more than a few days unless it's able to feed. Pre-emerged adult fleas may continue to exist inside the chrysalis for up to nine months. This is consequential because adult fleas still existing inside the cocoon are resistant to insecticides applied to the environment and can surface a significant time after you utilize insecticides in your home.

The Flea Adult Stage

When the adult flea emerges from the shell, it will want to rapidly locate a host since it needs blood in order to live. A couple of days subsequent to locating an acceptable host, the female flea will start laying in the vicinity of forty eggs every day. Adult fleas normally live as long as 3 weeks. The complete lifecycle of a flea may possibly be completed in as quickly as 2 to 4 weeks, or up to 10 months dependent upon the surrounding climate.

Flea Treatments for Canines

There are countless shampoos, powders, sprays and spot on preparations around to relieve your pet of fleas. Be sure to consult with your veterinarian to decide on the truly powerful and trustworthy flea products for your residence and canine.

Indoor Flea Treatments for Canines

Nearly all pesticides are just useful against the adult flea, but environmental products are becoming more advanced. Your veterinarian can provide you with flea products that have insect growth regulators that will help terminate the larvae and flea eggs. Before spraying any environmental pesticide, you ought to vacuum the rugs and carpeting to coax the pre-adult fleas to surface from their protective cocoon. Be sure to toss out the vacuum cleaner bag following its use. You should also clean all bedding your dog has rested on.

Outdoor Flea Treatments for Canines

Focus on dim, sheltered regions. Apply a product made of an insect growth regulator and duplicate it every 2-3 weeks for three to five treatments.

The newer oral and topical flea deterrents ought to vastly benefit you in eliminating any flea crisis. With perseverance and fortitude, you and your pet should be rid of fleas in no time!

Have you started to find your dog scratching and itching more than normal? Is the itching creating wide open sores and disappearance of fur on your dog? If so, this is a sound indication that your pet may well be distressed by dog allergies. Dogs don't display the normal reddened eyes and a runny nose the way people do when we are suffering with an allergy. Other warning signs of skin problems in dogs could involve extreme scratching of a specific area, or chewing their paws to the point of bleeding.

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What Causes Skin Allergies in Dogs?

An allergy can occur when an animal's immune system overreacts to specific substances. The body produces antibodies as a means of protection when the trigger of the dog's allergy passes into the body. The antibodies will then join to immune cells in the skin and different organs of the body. As a result, while the allergens progressively penetrate tissue surfaces, the antibodies incite the immune cells to release strong chemicals (named histamines) into the nearby tissue. This then invokes swelling and itching in the dog.

There are several points to investigate when attempting to discover the trigger of skin allergies in dogs. An allergy that affects a canine's skin is usually caused by at least one of these: airborne allergens, fleas, and food.

Flea Allergy sometimes referred to as Flea Dermatitis is normally caused by the saliva of the flea. This is why it is very imperative to rid your canine of fleas on a regular basis.

Atopic allergy is caused by the breathing in of airborne particles in the natural environment, such as mold spores, tobacco smoke, pollen and dust, instigate atopic allergies. If a pet is allergic to pollen, the pet will exhibit signs, even when kept indoors as the particles will come into the home. Sneezing, coughing and wheezing frequently go along with this sort of allergy.

Food allergy is the next most common variety of allergy in dogs. The most probable reasons for food allergies in dogs consist of: corn, milk, soy, chicken, beef, eggs and wheat. Nausea and diarrhea frequently accompany this variety of allergy in dogs.

Contact allergy is the least common sort of allergy in pets and is brought about by coming into contact with something. Triggers could include wool, grass and plastic. Some dogs may suffer from allergic reactions to particular chemicals in the house, but it is not very common.

How to Identify Skin Problems in Dogs

A vet might be able to identify the cause, but it can require a process of elimination to uncover the root of the skin allergy and could perhaps refer your dog to a veterinarian dermatologist. If fleas are ruled out, the animal could be put on an elimination diet for a couple months. The animal is fed food it has not eaten before, for example, duck, mutton, and potatoes, with the old food being brought back progressively until the allergy reappears.

The allergen is considered to be one or more ingredients if the dogs scratching lessens by at least fifty percent of what it was before. To test for atopic and contact allergies, veterinary dermatologists utilize an intradermal allergy exam that operates by slightly anesthetizing the animal with small quantities of potential allergens that are injected into the shaved region of the skin. If the animal is allergic to a particular substance, the skin in the area of the injection will become inflamed.

Treatments for Skin Problems in Dogs

Keeping the pet away from allergens and remedying the symptoms of skin problems in dogs are the top treatment techniques. Remedies such as antihistamines and steroids could be prescribed to relieve effects of scratching and inflammation in dogs, although like all drugs they may be associated with harmful side effects and the long-term effects are still undetermined.

Extensive use of steroids is discouraged because these medicines function by suppressing the immune system. Prolonged steroid use might eventually leave your dog vulnerable to diabetes, infections and further conditions.

Herbal Remedies for Skin Problems in Dogs

Fortunately for pet owners, there are lots of non-toxic and homeopathic remedies for skin problems in dogs. Melaleuca alternifolia commonly put on externally to encourage skin health and keeping your pet’s skin clean while Althaea officinalis root is a great and popular remedy for reinvigorating the skin. Homeopathic remedies with ingredients such as Ledum and Apis have excellent healing properties and are especially helpful in healing sore and irritated skin, or small bites and cuts.